Supply Curve

KCSE Business Studies Paper 1 2010

Find KCSE Business Studies Paper 1 2010. Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Business Studies Paper 1

1. In the spaces provided below indicate the type of utility created by each of the following commercial activities.        (4 marks)

Commercial activity Type of utility
(i) Selling goods to customers;
(ii) Transporting goods;
(iv) Making a chair


2. Give five reasons why the government may find it necessary to start a parastatal.      (5 marks)

3. Name the types of warehouses associated with each of the statements given below:       (4 marks)

Statement Type of Warehouse
(i) Goods can be stored before payment of customs duty.
(ii) Individuals can hire storage facilities.
(iii) Goods are stored from several manufacturers.
(iv) Specialised goods are stored.


4. The figure below shows a shift in the supply curve of a given commodity.

Supply Curve

Outline four factors that may have caused the shift in the supply curve torn S0 to S1.    (4 marks)

5. The balances given below relate to Enotika Traders for the year ended 31st  December 2008.


Capital ?
2 year bank loan 230,020
Creditors 95,200
Fixed assets 480,000
Current assets 145,220

Prepare a balance sheet as at 31st December 2008.        (5 marks)

6. Give two reasons why a three column cashbook is used both as journal and a ledger.  (4 marks)

7. The management of national debt, credit control and lender of last resort are some of the functions of the Central Bank. Match these functions with the statements given below.       (3 marks)


Statement Function
(i) Repayment of Government securities as they mature.
(ii)Receipt of treasury bills to secure loans.
(iii) Directing commercial banks on the preferred sectors to lend money.

ed in international trade.     (4 marks)

(i) LOCO

(ii) CIF

(iii) F.A.S

(iv) F.O.Q

9. The manager of Tasa Limited constantly walks around various departments. State four merits of this style of management.            (4 marks)

10. State four reasons why the government should create an enabling environment for investors.            (4 marks)

11. Outline four differences between insurance and assurance.            (4 marks)





(i) (i)
(ii) (ii)
(iii) (iii)
(IV) (iv)


12. State four factors that may influence the level of national income.      (4 marks)

13. Outline the difference between cash and credit transactions.      (4 marks)

14.The term capital employed, working capital, owner’s equity and borrowed capital are types of capital found in a business. Match each of the statements given below with the relevant type of capital.           (3 marks)



Type of capital


(i) Resources invested into the business by the owner.
(ii) Excess of current assets over current liabilities.
(iii) Amount invested into the business by outsiders.


15. Outline four ways in which government expenditure may stabilize the economy of a country.          (4 marks)

16. State four problems associated with development planning.       (4 marks)

17. State four services that a wholesaler may offer to a manufacturer.     (4 marks)

18. State four reasons why flower exporters would transport their produce by air rather than by sea.        (4 marks)

19. The diagram below represents the relationship between population and income per capital.     (4 marks)

Population Income Curve

State what is represented by P and S axes, and letters R and Q.       (4 marks)

(ii) S (axis)           _________________.

(iii) R            _________________.

(iv) Q           _________________.

20. The following information was extracted from the books of Helen Traders;






(i) Salaries pre pre-paid 24,800 52,400
(ii) Salaries paid 48,200

Prepare a salary expense account using the above information.             (5 marks)

21. State four circumstances under which one may decide to start a personal business.    (4 marks)

22. Highlight four ways in which a business idea can be implemented.        (4 marks)

23. Outline five measures that a manager can take to improve the working environment in the office.         (5 marks)

24. Highlight four challenges that a person may encounter when using a cellphone (mobile phone).            (4 marks)